the Zoological and Anthropological sections of
the Indian Museum
formed a separate distinct identity
the Zoological Survey of India
the Anthropology section of the Zoological Survey of India
formed into an independent body
|1946 Dr.B.S.Guha was appointed as the Director and Dr.V.Elwin as the Deputy Director|
the Head Office of the AnSI shifted from Benaras to Calcutta
The Anthropological Survey of India has built up a chain of Zonal Anthropological Museums (ZAMs) at its six regional and one sub-regional centres. Besides the seven ZAMs, a Central Museum is located at the Survey's Head Office at Calcutta. Each ZAM has documented items of ethnographic specimens of tribal and folk people e.g., crafts, musical instruments, artefacts of economic activities including hunting and gathering, dress and ornaments, both used in day to day life and on special occasions, objects related to religious activities and similar other items. The ZAM gives emphasis on anthropological depiction of bio-cultural heritage pertaining to people of a particular geographical/cultural zone. The museums disseminate knowledge of the rich heritage of the people of India through permanent galleries and also by organising anthropological exhibitions, film shows, both in urban and rural areas of the country.
Principal Aims and Objectives:
The primary objectives are:
1. To continue its original commitments on uninterrupted researches and surveys in social,
aacultural and physical anthropology throughout the country;
2. To pursue specially the study of biological and cultural evolution of man with special
aa reference to India;
3. To take up the anthropological study of all people of India;
4. To continue with the studies of Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections;
5. To lay special emphasis on the applied aspects of the anthropological research which have
aa contemporary relevance and national significance;
6. To reflect in its research programmes the priorities set by the Government of India in
aa regard to conservation of environment and man's interaction with it, welfare of women
aa and children, mother-child care, development of weaker section, poverty alleviation,
aa physical fitness and nutritional status, etc.;
7. To take steps to salvage and preserve cultural artifacts faced with the threat of extinction
aa and those which even otherwise need to be preserved and to act for this purpose in
aa coordination with and provide research input to the Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya;
8. To work in close collaboration with the State Governments, University Departments of
aa Anthropology, Tribal Research Institutes and other organisations interested in
aa anthropology and allied subjects;
9. To function as Clearing House and Coordinator at the national level for all agencies in the
aa field of anthropology;
10. To act as the Anthropological Adviser to the Government of India;
11. To take steps to disseminate research findings; and
12. To study and promote awareness of the rich and composite culture of the country and of
aa the contribution of each community to this heritage.
School of Anthropology
The School of Anthropology aims at imparting training to update the knowledge in the discipline of anthropology and allied disciplines, so as to promote efficiency and to improve upon the quality of research of the technical and scientific members of the Survey.
Training/orientation courses are organised at two levels, central and regional. The centralised training courses are arranged where the research personnel of a particular category, drawn from all the regional/sub-regional centres as well as from the Head Office of this Survey take part. Training programmes are designed keeping in view the need of the ongoing research programmes of the Survey. Training at the regional level is also arranged with the help of regional centres where the researchers of a specific category of a particular region are invited to take part. The forthcoming programmes of the School of Anthropology under its In-service training course are :
1. Orientation course on anthropometric measurement,
2. Man forest relationship - methodological inputs in developmental anthropology,
3. Care and maintenance of ethnographic objects.
4. In-service orientation course for writing anthropological report.
Documentation & Dissemination
Dissemination of research results is primarily done through publication of books and a quarterly journal, The Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, by the Publication and Distribution section. In special cases, such research results are also published through other publisher(s).
A priced annotated Catalogue of Publications of the Anthropological Survey of India (Price : Rs. 15; $1), provides detailed information. For obtaining the publications actual price by money order is to be sent to the Director in advance stating clearly the name and address of the sender. Cheques and Drafts are to be drawn in favour of Pay & Accounts Officer, Pay & Accounts Office (Culture), Calcutta, and to be sent to the Director, Anthropological Survey of India, 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Calcutta - 700 016, India. Publications are normally sent by Registered Book Post. A discount of 25% is allowed only to the booksellers. A discount upto 60% is allowed to the distributors for books published upto 1984. 10% discount is allowed to Educational Institutions and Public Libraries. 10% discount is allowed to all buyers at the book fair. Publications are not sent by VPP.
Books on People of India are being published by the outside publishing houses in different regions of the country.